Install Ubuntu on PC

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Nowadays, you can't buy a mass-marketed PC without being forced to buy Microsoft Windows along with it. With that in mind, here are several options for installing Ubuntu on your Desktop or Laptop PC:

  • Dual-Boot. This option installs Ubuntu alongside Windows in a "dual-boot" mode. When you boot your PC, you will get a crude menu that asks you to select between Ubuntu (default) or Windows. This is also the option to choose if you have removed Windows from the PC. This will give you an Ubuntu installation with the best performance.
  • Virtual Machine. You can install Ubuntu in a "virtual machine" program on your Windows computer if you don't want to commit to having Linux permanently installed alongside Windows in a "dual boot" configuration. ) Be aware that running in a VM will cost you in performance; this may make a noticeable difference, depending on how powerful your computer is.
  • Linux Subsystem for Windows. As of mid-2017, Windows 10 has the ability to run Ubuntu applications! No need to mess with any bootup options or virtual machines. This may eventually be a good option for Windows users who want to tinker with ROS. However at the current time, it is not working as needed. (See link for details.)
  • USB Memory Stick. This could be the most convenient option if you want to be up and running with Ubuntu fast, assuming you have a modern PC that allows booting from USB and the performance is satisfactory. This would let you run Ubuntu off your USB stick and use its embedded file system for writing and reading across boot sessions. Not yet implemented. (See link for details.)

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